Jan-Feb 2011 â€“ After 30 years in power, Egyptâ€™s President Hosni Mubarak faces mass opposition in the form of nationwide demonstrations.
Jan 30 2011 â€“ Mohamed Morsi and several other Brotherhood figures escape from prison.
Feb 11 – Mubarak is forced to step down and a period of military rule begins.
Feb 15, 2012 â€“ The Muslim Brotherhood wins nearly half the seats in Egypt’sÂ lower house. The ultraconservative Salafis take roughly a quarter of the other seats.
June 16,17 – Mr Morsi wins Egyptâ€™s presidential election with 51.7 per cent of the vote.
Nov 22 â€“ Widespread protests begin after Mr Morsi, in one of his most controversial moves as president, gives himself a range of new powers. Citing Egyptâ€™s economic problems, he brings in laws that make his decisions immune from judicial review.
June 30 â€“ The anniversary of President Morsiâ€™s first year in office. Millions of Egyptians take to the streets of Cairo calling on him to step down. Clashes outside the Brotherhoodâ€™s headquarters result in eight deaths.
July 3 â€“ Morsi is deposed and detained by the military. Supporters of the ousted president begin mass sit-ins demanding that he is reinstated. Brotherhood figures are arrested by the military.
July 27 â€“ Pro-Morsi sit-ins and daily demonstrations continue. Security forces clash with protesters leaving 80 dead at the two major camps.
Aug 11 â€“ The Egyptian government declares it will remove the sit-ins within 24 hours.
Aug 12 â€“ Plans to remove the camps are postponed as the authorities try to avoid bloodshed. The sit-ins grow as more protestors arrive, defying government warnings.
Aug 14 – Security forces take action against the protestors, using armoured vehicles and bulldozers, in scenes described by pro-Morsi groups as a “massacre”.