BY: Özlem Albayrak*
Because the U.S. and Iran do not want Turkey to join the joint operation on Daesh. Iran is giving strange, cold and diplomatic fatwas like, “Turkey should respect its neighbors’ borders.”The Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) Foreign Relations Office Hemin Hawrami made interesting determinations about the issue three days ago. According to Hawrami, if Daesh is cleaned out of the region, even if it continues to live as a terror organization, Daesh will not be able to become a “state.” For this to happen, after the organization is kicked out of Mosul, its ideology needs to be ended too. If Shiite militias come to Mosul without considering that there are Sunnis and ethnic-religious equations in the city, it will not be possible to put and end to Daesh. Mosul might even be pushed into a new disorder dilemma and end up with a new Daesh-like terror organization in its hands.
They couldn’t have thought of a better formula to circumvent Daesh, a so-called Sunni terrorist organization, by using Sunni forces against it. But there is no sign that the U.S.-Iran couple (the two that have closed their doors to Turkey) will pamper the local forces.
Whereas Mosul is not very far from us. It remained under Ottoman governance for 400 years, but despite being in the borders of the National Oath, was taken away from us with Lausanne just like Kirkuk, Hatay, Sulaymaniyah, the 12 islands, the other Aegean islands and Cyprus. It consists of Arabs, Turkmens, Kurds and Sunnis.
Some have resorted to explaining President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s Lausanne statements as anti-Kemalism. But there are deeper reasons to why Erdoğan would be stating Lausanne, an agreement that led to us losing Mosul and Kirkuk, as a failure, at a time Turkey is trying to be kept away from the Mosul operation.
Just think of it in this way; weren’t we all devastated when Mosul and Kirkuk, two cities that share the same songs, idioms, food, clothing, history and traditions, were lost? Which one of us didn’t think that “The Brits took Mosul and Kirkuk and left the parts without petrol to us,” while our high school teacher boasted about how successful of an agreement Lausanne was? Who didn’t sigh thinking, “If only Mosul and Kirkuk were ours”?
Erdoğan has a God given talent for touching the hearts of masses. Therefore, at a time when we are trying to be prevented from participating in the Mosul operations, he is making Lausanne statements to heave up the support of the masses. And he actually is getting the support, because the issue is Mosul.
Therefore, Turkey is putting its foot down on the Mosul issue. Why? Because, if the Mosul operation is successful, it is anticipated that Daesh terrorists are pushed toward the north, which means they will be threatening Turkish borders.
Secondly, Turkey is concerned about the Shiite militias, which we mentioned earlier, the Hasdi Saabi. Using Shiite militias in a Sunni city to clear out a so-called Sunni terrorist organization will only bring about new issues.
Thirdly, Turkey is not happy with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) element in Iraq. Sinjar, a city to the west of Mosul, has become a PKK base. The terrorist organization is managing that area both physically and militarily. The PKK is anticipating to make Sinjar a transit point between Qandil and the Democratic Union Party (PYD) in Syria. Therefore, both Turkey and the Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) are unhappy with this situation.
Thus, Turkey believes we should join the Mosul operation. Not to conquer the city because we have new Ottoman dreams, but for the peace of Mosul and the stability of the region, so the U.S. elephant, which has activated the dominos that gave rise to Daesh with its invasion of Iraq, does not topple anything else in this new fragile glassware store called Mosul, so new Daeshs do not grow like mushrooms.
Note: Vodafone is supporting the U.N.’s social gender equality campaign through an application. Social media users can donate their Twitter accounts for a day as part of the campaign. Apparently, the aim is to create awareness. FYI.
*Özlem Albayrak is a Turkish columnist at Yeni Şafak Turkish daily.