The poorest Arab nation is facing one of the world’s worst hunger crises, with aid agencies struggling to reach those in need.
More than 17 million people are on the brink of famine in war-torn Yemen, a United Nations body and its partners warned Wednesday.
The sheer scale of the crisis that has hit the Middle East’s poorest nation makes it one of the worst hunger crises in the world.
Experts place the blame for the disaster solely on the country’s two-year conflict.
“The conflict has a devastating impact on agricultural livelihoods. Crop and livestock production fell significantly compared to pre-crisis levels,” said Salah Hajj Hassan, a representative for the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in Yemen.
“It is absolutely essential that the humanitarian response encompass food and agriculture assistance to save not only lives but also livelihoods.”
International humanitarian organisations have struggled to send to Yemen what they can, with many of the country’s most vulnerable at risk of being left behind.
Around 2.2 million of the country’s children are at risk of acute malnutrition and 462,000 are severely and acutely malnourished (SAM), according to the UN International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF).
“To put things in perspective, a SAM child is ten times more at risk of death if not treated on time than a healthy child his or her age,” said UNICEF representative Meritxell Relaño.
“We are seeing the highest levels of acute malnutrition in Yemen’s recent history”.
Aid agencies have also faced difficulty in reaching those in need due to the ongoing aerial campaign by the Saudi-led Arab coalition in support of Yemen’s UN-recognized government.
“By bombing and blocking Yemen’s main port – the country’s lifeline for essential supplies – Saudi Arabia and its coalition allies are preventing the delivery of food and aid by sea,” said
Grant Pritchard, Interim Country Director for Save the Children in Yemen.
“On the ground, warring parties are detaining aid workers and hampering humanitarian access. This crisis is not an act of nature – it is man-made. Food and aid are being used as weapons of war,” he added.
Since March 2015, Yemen has been ravaged by a civil war that is being fought between Houthi rebels and the Saudi-backed government of Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi.
The war has killed over 10,000 people and left over 80 percent of the country reliant on humanitarian aid.