Egyptian opposition parties have formed a coalition against proposed changes to the constitution that would allow Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi to stay in office well beyond the end of his current term in 2022, two opposition leaders said on Wednesday.
Egypt’s parliament has given its preliminary approval to the changes, after two-thirds of the general committee endorsed the proposed amendments on Tuesday.
The 596-seat assembly – which is packed with al-Sisi supporters – will take a final vote on February 17, but the amendments would also need to be put to a national referendum.
The constitutional amendments would allow Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to stay in power until 2034 and boost his control of the judiciary.
“This is a constitution made for a pharaoh,” said Mohamed Zaree of the Cairo Institute of Human Rights Studies. “It gives [Sisi] a lot of authority with no accountability.”
The amendments include an extension of the presidential term to six years from four in article 140 of the constitution, and a transitional clause that would reset the clock, potentially allowing Sisi to stay in power until 2034, according to a draft seen by Reuters.
The proposed changes also give Sisi new powers over appointing judges and the public prosecutor.
Critics say Sisi has led Egypt deeper into authoritarianism than former president Hosni Mubarak, who was toppled in 2011 after ruling for three decades under a state of emergency.
Abdel-Aziz el-Husseini, a senior leader in the Karama, or Dignity party, said that 11 parties met the previous day and declared their opposition to the proposed changes.
The group established a “union for the defense of the constitution” that includes secular and left-leaning parties and lawmakers, he added.
Khaled Dawood, another opposition leader and former head of the liberal Dostour, or Constitution party, questioned the legitimacy of the process to amend the 2014 charter, citing a constitutional clause that bars extending the two-term limit.
“We will challenge the proposed amendment before the country’s Supreme Constitutional court,” he said.
Amending the constitution was widely expected. Pro-government lawmakers and media figures have claimed for years that the constitution is crippling the president’s efforts to advance the country, including overhauling its economy and defeating Islamic militants. Al-Sisi himself said in 2015 that “the constitution was drafted with good intentions.”
A draft of the proposed amendments shows concerted efforts by the pro-government “Supporting Egypt” coalition to consolidate al-Sisi’s power. The 64-year-old leader could be allowed to run for a third and fourth six-year term, potentially extending his rule to 2034.
Talaat Khalil, a lawmaker attending Monday’s meeting, decried the proposed changes, especially a broad clause stating the military’s duty is to protect “the constitution and democracy and the fundamental makeup of the country and its civil nature.”
He told a press conference on Monday that this could allow the armed forces to support one politician at the cost of another. “And this is a great danger,” he said.
Experts say opposition parties are too weak to effectively challenge the amendments amid an unprecedented crackdown on dissent.
“Any move from the opposition will be met with harsh reactions,” said Ahmed Abd Rabou, a visiting assistant professor at the University of Denver. “The only pragmatic option is to campaign for a ‘NO’ to the foreseeable amendments.”