Located in the Arabian Gulf, Qatar shares a land borders with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the south-west and is surrounded by the Arabian sea. The Global Peace Index ranks features Qatar as one of 30 most peaceful countries in the world, and the most peaceful in the MENA region.
The country is currently focusing all its efforts on the growth and development of its people. The rulers of Qatar envision a future for their nation where every individual will have a high standard of living by acquiring the best in healthcare, education and other facilities. Sustainable living is one of the things that they are aiming to integrate into the society.
Qatar is ruledÂ by the al-Thani family since the mid-1800. During that time Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate, noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues.
During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Qatari economy was enduring economic crisis, due to siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir, who had ruled the country since 1972.
His son, Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, overthrew the father in a bloodless coup in 1995.
It is Hamad that oversaw the creation of the pan-Arab satellite news network, al-Jazeera, and Qatar’s pursuit of a leadership role in mediating regional conflicts.
In 2007, oil and natural gas revenues had enabled Qatar to attain the highest per capita income in the world.
Qatar has not experienced domestic unrest or violence like that seen in other Near Eastern and North African countries in 2010-11, due in part to its immense wealth. Since the outbreak of regional unrest, however, Doha has prided itself on its support for many of these popular revolutions, particularly in Libya and Syria.
In mid-2013, Hamad transferred power to his 33 year-old son, the current Amir Tamim bin Hamad.
Tamim has prioritized establishing advanced healthcare and education systems and expanding the country’s infrastructure in anticipation of Doha’s hosting of the 2022 World Cup.